CXF和spring整合实现webservice实例

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推荐:CXF WebService整合Spring的简单实现

[  参考地址: http://www.cnblogs.com/hoojo/archive/2011/03/30/1999563.html     CXF WebService整合Spring的简单实现。 1 CXF WebService整合Spring.zip解压后

环境:JDK6.0,cxf-2.0.7,spring2.5,tomcat6.0

服务器端

1.新建Web项目,例如webws,导入cxf-2.0.7/lib下的jar包和spring2.5的包,因为cxf支持spring,因此它自带有sping的一些核心包,为了以后扩展,保险起见都一起导入吧。。

2.新建一个服务接口IHelloWorld.java,该接口是面向客户端,暴露服务:
package cn.com.service;

import javax.jws.WebParam;
import javax.jws.WebService;

@WebService
public interface IHelloWorld {
        //@WebParam(name="arg0")可有可无,为了增强可读性
	public String sayHello(@WebParam(name="arg0")String text);
}

3.再新建该接口的实现类HelloWorldImpl.java:
package cn.com.service;
import javax.jws.WebService;

@WebService(endpointInterface="cn.com.service.IHelloWorld")
public class HelloWorldImpl implements IHelloWorld {
	public String sayHello(String text) {	
		return "Hello" + text ;
	}
}

4.现在可以进行spring配置了,在eclipse的src文件夹下新建applicationContext.xml:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
	xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:jaxws="http://cxf.apache.org/jaxws"
	xmlns:cxf="http://cxf.apache.org/core"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd 
	http://cxf.apache.org/jaxws 
	http://cxf.apache.org/schemas/jaxws.xsd">
	
	<import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf.xml" />
	<import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-extension-soap.xml" />
	<import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-servlet.xml" />
	
	<bean id="hello" class="cn.com.service.HelloWorldImpl"/>
	
	<jaxws:endpoint id="helloWorld" implementor="#hello" address="/HelloWorld" />

</beans>

注意:1).<beans>元素里面的命名空间一定要正确,特别要增加xmlns:jaxws="http://cxf.apache.org/jaxws",http://cxf.apache.org/jaxws,

推荐:Spring整合CXF步骤,Spring实现webService,spring整合WebService

[ Spring整合CXF步骤 Spring实现webService, spring整合WebService   >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ...]

http://cxf.apache.org/schemas/jaxws.xsd;
2).cxf.xml,cxf-extension-soap.xml,cxf-servlet.xml三个文件都在cxf-2.0.7.jar中把它们拷贝到META-INF/目录下。

5.配置web.xml:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="2.5" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee 
	http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd">

	<context-param>
		<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
		<param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
	</context-param>

	<listener>
		<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
	</listener>

	<servlet>
		<servlet-name>CXFServlet</servlet-name>
		<display-name>CXF Servlet</display-name>
		<servlet-class>org.apache.cxf.transport.servlet.CXFServlet</servlet-class>
		<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
	</servlet>

	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>CXFServlet</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>

	<welcome-file-list>
		<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
	</welcome-file-list>
	
</web-app>

到此服务器端基本上告一段落,可以将应用部署到tomcat,启动并访问http://localhost:8080/webws/HelloWorld?wsdl,如果能正确显示xml文件则说明部署成功。

客户端

1.新建一个java项目,例如wsclient,也导入cxf-2.0.7和spring包
2.新建客户程序(如果熟悉cxf可以运用cxf的wsdl2java命令直接根据wsdl生成),如Test.java:
package pro.webws.client;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class Test {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		ApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring-client.xml");
		IHelloWorld client = (IHelloWorld) ctx.getBean("client");
		String result = client.sayHello("你好!");
		System.out.println(result);
	}
}

根据代码,我们知道还需要新建一个IHelloWorld接口,这是服务器端暴露的服务,我们还需要在客户端再新建一个以利用之,代码和服务器端一致即可,不再赘述。

现在可以配置客户端的spring文件了,新建spring-client.xml文件:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
	xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:jaxws="http://cxf.apache.org/jaxws" 
	xmlns:cxf="http://cxf.apache.org/core"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd
	http://cxf.apache.org/jaxws 
	http://cxf.apache.org/schema/jaxws.xsd">

	<bean id="client" class="pro.webws.client.IHelloWorld" factory-bean="clientFactory"
		factory-method="create" />
		
	<bean id="clientFactory" class="org.apache.cxf.jaxws.JaxWsProxyFactoryBean">
		<property name="serviceClass" value="pro.webws.client.IHelloWorld" />
		<property name="address" value="http://localhost:8080/webws/HelloWorld" />	
	</bean>
</beans>

注意:<property name="address" value="http://localhost:8080/webws/HelloWorld" />中的/HelloWorld要与服务器端applicationContext.xml中的<jaxws:endpoint id="helloWorld" implementor="#hello" address="/HelloWorld" />的address属性对应。

现在服务器和客户端都已完成,启动tomcat,运行客户程序,将输出结果:

Hello你好!




推荐:WebService服务端——CXF和Spring的整合

[一、在Spring开发环境的基础上导入Jar包: - cxf.jar - commons-logging.jar - neethi.jar - XmlSchema.jar - wsdl4j.jar 二、创建WebService接口 package com.dem

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